There are several endocrine system diseases that result from disruptions in this complex system of network of organs and glands.
Diabetes – when the pancreas do not produce enough insulin or the body fail to effectively use it.
Osteoporosis – decrease of estrogen during a women menopause or a decrease of testosterone in men aging process.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome — PCOS is a common disease of the endocrine system where it affects 7% to 10% of women between 15 to 45. Irregular menstruation or sometime rare, excess of androgen (male hormone) hirsutism, acne, difficulty to conceive.
Thyroid disorders – to much (hyperthyroidism) or to little (hypothyroidism) hormone produce by the gland, thyroid nodules, cancer are some of the disorders.
Cushing syndrome – to much cortisol in the blood for too longer time. Cortisol accounts for controlling the function of the immune system also respond to stress.
Addison disease – adrenal insufficiency. Steroid hormones help the body fight stress and infection, regulate blood sugar level, and maintain the sex drive.
Excerpts from: Annaswamy Raji, MD, M.M.Sc
Menopause is the natural culmination of a woman’s reproductive cycle.
The ups and down that mark a gradual decrease in estrogen and progesterone production, produce the most noticeable symptoms of menopause.
Estrogen is the hormone that is primarily responsible for the changes a woman will experience during menopause, such as changes in her normal menstrual cycle patterns, hot flashes, sleep problems, vaginal dryness, mood swings, or undesirable (and often unpredictable) hair growth.
Fluctuating estrogen levels bring a number of different changes throughout the body.
Skelekal System – bone density decline more rapidly, a risk of osteoporosis left undiagnosed or untreated – broken bones.
Cardiopulmonary System – women are at risk of heart attacks and other heart-related problems.
Nervous System — Estrogen fluctuations can also affect the emotional state. Between sadness, anger, confusion, and in some cases, anxiety or depression. Women are at an increased risk of a new episode of depression as they go through the menopause transition.
You can learn about the prevention of bone loss in a detailed overview of osteoporosis.
Editors: Richard Santen, MD, Nanette Santoro, MD, April 2008
Additional Information About the Endocrine System: Signs of Diabetes Papillary Thyroid Cancer Endocrine System.
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